Cosmo Whyte

Cosmo Whyte (b. 1982, St. Andrew, Jamaica) employs drawing, sculpture, and photography to explore the intersections of race, nationalism, and displacement. His large scale drawings pose the celebratory body of Jamaican and diasporic communities in states of jubilation. His figures, adorned with gold leaf and black glitter, defy their colonial past, tearing it from their bodies through unbridled dance

Whyte received a BFA from Bennington College, VT and an MFA from Maryland Institute College of Art, MD. Whyte has exhibited his work widely including, the 13th Havana Biennial, Cuba (2019), as well as the Atlanta Biennial (2016) and the Jamaica Biennial (2017). In 2019 he had a solo exhibition at MOCA Georgia, Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, curated by Allison Glenn, Associate Curator of Contemporary Art, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art. He has also participated in exhibitions at The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA (2019); The Drawing Center, New York, NY (2019); The Somerset House, London, UK (2019); Museum of Latin American Art, Los Angeles, CA (2017); Atlanta Contemporary, Atlanta, GA (2016); Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (2016); and the National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica (2014). His work is in the permanent collection of the High Museum, Atlanta, GA. Whyte is the Visual Art Program Director at Morehouse College in Atlanta, GA where he lives and works.

 

EXHIBITIONS

When They Aren’t Looking We Gather By The River, November 6, 2020 – January 9, 2021

Home is Not a PlaceJune 8 – July 13, 2019

Cosmo Whyte

1982
Born in St. Andrews, Jamaica
Lives in Atlanta, GA

Education

2015
Master of Fine Arts, University of Michigan Penny W. Stamps School of Art & Design, MI
2007
Post Baccalaureate, Maryland Institute College of Art, MD
2001
BFA Painting, Bennington College, VT

Solo Exhibitions

2020
When They Aren't Looking We Gather By The River, Anat Ebgi, Los Angeles, CA (forthcoming)
No Longers Yours, Lux Art Institute, Encinitas, CA
2019-2020
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To sharpen Its Cadence, MOCA GA, Atlanta, GA
2017
Starting A Bush Fire, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Don’t Whistle In The House, Chastain Art Center, Atlanta, GA
2015
Wake the Town and Tell the People, Russell Industrial Center, Detroit, MI
2010
High Tide, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Group Exhibitions

2020
This Is America, Kunsthal KAdE, Netherlands
The Beginning of Everything: An Exhibition of Drawings, The University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Prospect.5: Yesterday We Said Tomorrow, New Orleans, LA
2019
Art Basel Miami Beach, with Anat Ebgi Gallery, Miami, FL
Life Through Extraordinary Mirrors, October Gallery, London, UK
The Sea is History, Museum of Cultural History, Oslo, Norway
13th Havana Biennial, Matanzas, Cuba
Get Up Stand Up, The Somerset House, London, UK
What's Love Got to Do With It, The Drawing Center, New York, NY
Of Origins and Belonging, Drawn from Atlanta, The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Home is Not a Place, Anat Ebgi, Los Angeles, CA
2017
Hudgens Prize Finalist Exhibition, Hudgens Center, Duluth, GA
P.O.V., Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Building A Ship From The Shipwreck, MOCA GA, Atlanta, GA
Selling the Shadow, C-Gallery, Milan, Italy
Open Scene, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Relational Undercurrents, Museum of Latin American Art, Los Angeles, CA
Jamaica Jamaica, La Philharmonie de Paris, Paris, France
2016
Selling the Shadow, Gallery Momo, Cape Town, South Africa
Beautiful Tangle, Dalton Gallery, Agnes Scott College, Atlanta, GA
Atlanta Biennale, Atlanta Contemporary Art Center, Atlanta, GA
Musée On/Off, Musée L'ont Leux, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Wake the Town and Tell the People, Mana Contemporary, Newark NJ
Jamaican Routes, Punkt ø/Galleri F 15, Oslo, Norway
Masculinities, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
2015
Rites, Zuckerman Museum of Art, Kennesaw, GA
After-Afropolitan, The Weeksville Heritage Center, Brooklyn, NY
Young Talent, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
2014
The Jamaica Biannual, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
In Retrospect: 40 years of the National Gallery of Jamaica National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
Bottom Feeders and the Distant Self Slusser Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
2013
Forward Arts Foundation Artist of the year Retrospective, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2012
Outward Reach: 9 Jamaican Photography and New Media Artists, Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
Talent Loves Company, Barbara Archer Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2011
The African Continuum, United Nations Gallery, New York, NY
Emerging Artists of 2011, Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica
Home, Chastain Art Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Movers and Shakers, Museum of Contemporary Art Georgia, Atlanta, GA
2010
The Jamaica Biannual, National Museum of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
Open Season, Flanders Gallery, Raleigh, NC
Art Fresh, Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica
2009
Three Visions, Three Thoughts Southwest Art Center Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Small Works Show, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Summer Guest House, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Small Redux, Agnes Scott College’s Dalton Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2008
Pepper Pot, UNC Chapel Hill, Robert and Sallie Brown Gallery,Chapel Hill, NC
2007
ArteFeria: Rutas y Raices, CEFATI Gallery, Portobelo, Panama
Icosahedrons, Maryland Institute College of Art, Baltimore, MD

Awards

2019
The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation
Art Matters
2018
Working Artist Program Award, Museum of Contemporary Art Georgia
NBAF 2018 Fashion and Fine Art: Visual Art Award Finalist
2018-2020 Open Sessions Award/Fellowship, Drawing Center, NYC
Avalon Humanities Professorship, Morehouse College, Atlanta GA
2017
Hudgens Prize Finalist
Arbes Award
2016
Artadia Award
Walthall Artist Fellowship
Southern Constellation Fellowship, Elsewhere Museum, NC
2015
The Joan Mitchell Foundation Emerging Artist Grant nominee
CUE Foundation Finalist, NY
Outstanding Student Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award, ISC, NJ
Ned Dybvig Memorial MFA Thesis Exhibition Award
Vermont Studio Residency Full Fellowship, VT
2014
Rackham International Travel Grant, University of Michigan
Smucker Wagstaff Grant, University of Michigan
2011
Finalist for the Jamaica Super-Plus under 40 Artist of the year, Kingston, Jamaica
2010
The Forward Arts Foundation Emerging Artist Award, Atlanta, GA

Press

2020
Gaugh, Catherine. "The migrant’s journey: Artist Cosmo Whyte forges a new identity in a new land." The San Diego Union-Tribune. September 19, 2020. (Link)
"20 Artists received Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation grants," Artsy. May 12, 2020. (Link)
Smith, T.K. "Cosmo Whyte: Mining the Body for Gold." Art Papers. January 15, 2020. (Link)
2019
Olsen, Katie. "Miami Art Week 2019: Opulent Art Work." Cool Hunting. December 10, 2019. (Link)
Smith, T.K. "Review: In MOCA GA show, Cosmo Whyte displays breadth, and hints at what’s next." Arts ATL. December 3, 2019. (Link)
Brown, Griselda Murray. "How African and diaspora artists are holding a mirror to society." Financial Times. November 2, 2019. (Link)
Tafoya, Harry. "Finding Both Comfort and Challenge in the Idea of 'Home'." Hyperallergic. July 2, 2019. (Link)
Haunt, Journal of Art Issue 005 November, University of California, Irvine
Get Up Stand Up, Exhibition Catalogue, The Summerset House, London, England
The Sea is History, Exhibition Catalogue, Museum of Cultural History, Oslo, Norway
2018
The Enigma of Arrival, Exhibition Catalogue, The Mason-Scharfenstein Museum
2017
Relational Undercurrents: Contemporary Art of the Caribbean Archipelago, Exhibition Catalogue, Museum of Latin American Art
I WAS HERE. BUT I DISAPEAR: Ivanhoe ‘Rhygin’ Martin and the Effect of Photographic Disappearance in Jamaica,” Art Journal
Afrotropes and Other Things That Run – A conversation with Heuy Copeland and Krista Thompson, OCTOBER, JSTOR
2016
Jamaican Routes, Exhibition Catalogue, Punkt ø/Galleri F 15, Norway
2015
Afrikadaa Politics of Sound (December)
Sculpture magazine (October)
Infinite Mile a journal of art and culture(s) in Detroit Rites, Exhibition Catalogue, Zuckerman Museum of Art, Kennesaw, GA
WASH, Free Oxyn Press, Ann Arbor, MI
2014
The Jamaica Biannual 2014, Exhibition Catalogue, National Gallery of Jamaica
2010
The Jamaica Biannual 2010, Exhibition Catalogue, National Gallery of Jamaica
2008
Pepper Pot, Exhibition Catalogue, UNC Chapel Hill

Teaching

2015 - Present
Visual Art Lecturer, Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA
2016
MFA Mentor Low-Residency School of the Art Institute of Chicago
2012-2015
Teacher Assistant, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
2010-2012
Artist Assistant to Sculptor Basil Watson, Atlanta GA
2009-2012
Art Teacher, Cook Elementary, Atlanta, GA
2007-2008
Art Teacher, Vivian T. Thomas Academy (High School), Baltimore, MD

Residencies

2020
Lux Art Institute, Encinitas, CA
Surf Point Foundation, York, ME
2018
Camargo Foundation, Cassis, France
Drawing Center Open Session, NY
2016
Elsewhere Museum, NC
2015
Vermont Studio Residency, VT
2007
Creative Currents Residency, Panama

Lectures & Presentations

2018
“The Enigma of Arrival” Piedmont College
Visiting Artist Program Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
“BLACK PORTRAITURE[S] IV: The Color of Silence- Color-Coded Practices: Caribbean Arts Professionals Perspective on Race” Harvard University
2017
“(En)Lightning Talks Atlanta” Phi Beta Kappa Society, Woodruff Center, Atlanta
“Guess Who is Coming to Dinner” University of Alabama, Alabama
2014
“Shonibare in Context”, Henry Brown Bag Festival, Philadelphia
“Conversation Without Walls: Considering Contemporary Artistic Practices and the Distribution of "New" Black Creativity-Dancespace Project, New York

Cosmo Whyte

BIOGRAPHY

CV

Cosmo Whyte kiss mi neck back, 2019
Mixed media, 70 x 73 inches / 177.8 x 185.4
Cosmo Whyte Embrace, 2019
Mixed media, 54 x 61 inches / 137.2 x 154.9 cm
Cosmo Whyte Stretch Marks, 2019
Mixed media, 46 x 60 Inches / 116.8 x 152.4 cm
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Cosmo Whyte Sole Imperial, 2019 Plywood, 12 Speakers, 3 Horns, 15 Tweeters 102 x 72 x 48" [HxWxD] (259.08 x 182.88 x 121.92 cm) Inventory #CY1013
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, 2019, MOCA GA, Installation view
Cosmo Whyte Tethered, 2019
Mixed media, 41 x 71 inches / 104.1 x 180.3 cm
Cosmo Whyte Cheaper To Keep Her, 2019
Mixed media
Cosmo Whyte The Enigma of Arrival in 4 Sections. Section 3: Carry On, 2017 Airline chair, fabric, plastic, broken ceramic plates on shipping pallet 84 x 60 x 48" [HxWxD] (213.36 x 152.4 x 121.92 cm) Inventory #CY1008
Cosmo Whyte Head Boy, 2017 C-print 36 x 24" [HxW] (91.44 x 60.96 cm) Edition 3 of 3 Inventory #CY1038.03
Cosmo Whyte You Know We Can't Swim Right, 2017 C-print 36 x 24" [HxW] (91.44 x 60.96 cm) Edition 1 of 3 Inventory #CY1039.01

BIOGRAPHY

Cosmo Whyte (b. 1982, St. Andrew, Jamaica) employs drawing, sculpture, and photography to explore the intersections of race, nationalism, and displacement. His large scale drawings pose the celebratory body of Jamaican and diasporic communities in states of jubilation. His figures, adorned with gold leaf and black glitter, defy their colonial past, tearing it from their bodies through unbridled dance

Whyte received a BFA from Bennington College, VT and an MFA from Maryland Institute College of Art, MD. Whyte has exhibited his work widely including, the 13th Havana Biennial, Cuba (2019), as well as the Atlanta Biennial (2016) and the Jamaica Biennial (2017). In 2019 he had a solo exhibition at MOCA Georgia, Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To Sharpen Its Cadence, curated by Allison Glenn, Associate Curator of Contemporary Art, Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art. He has also participated in exhibitions at The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA (2019); The Drawing Center, New York, NY (2019); The Somerset House, London, UK (2019); Museum of Latin American Art, Los Angeles, CA (2017); Atlanta Contemporary, Atlanta, GA (2016); Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France (2016); and the National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica (2014). His work is in the permanent collection of the High Museum, Atlanta, GA. Whyte is the Visual Art Program Director at Morehouse College in Atlanta, GA where he lives and works.

 

EXHIBITIONS

When They Aren’t Looking We Gather By The River, November 6, 2020 – January 9, 2021

Home is Not a PlaceJune 8 – July 13, 2019

CV

Cosmo Whyte

1982
Born in St. Andrews, Jamaica
Lives in Atlanta, GA

Education

2015
Master of Fine Arts, University of Michigan Penny W. Stamps School of Art & Design, MI
2007
Post Baccalaureate, Maryland Institute College of Art, MD
2001
BFA Painting, Bennington College, VT

Solo Exhibitions

2020
When They Aren't Looking We Gather By The River, Anat Ebgi, Los Angeles, CA (forthcoming)
No Longers Yours, Lux Art Institute, Encinitas, CA
2019-2020
Beneath Its Tongue, The Fish Rolls The Hook To sharpen Its Cadence, MOCA GA, Atlanta, GA
2017
Starting A Bush Fire, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Don’t Whistle In The House, Chastain Art Center, Atlanta, GA
2015
Wake the Town and Tell the People, Russell Industrial Center, Detroit, MI
2010
High Tide, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA

Group Exhibitions

2020
This Is America, Kunsthal KAdE, Netherlands
The Beginning of Everything: An Exhibition of Drawings, The University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Prospect.5: Yesterday We Said Tomorrow, New Orleans, LA
2019
Art Basel Miami Beach, with Anat Ebgi Gallery, Miami, FL
Life Through Extraordinary Mirrors, October Gallery, London, UK
The Sea is History, Museum of Cultural History, Oslo, Norway
13th Havana Biennial, Matanzas, Cuba
Get Up Stand Up, The Somerset House, London, UK
What's Love Got to Do With It, The Drawing Center, New York, NY
Of Origins and Belonging, Drawn from Atlanta, The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Home is Not a Place, Anat Ebgi, Los Angeles, CA
2017
Hudgens Prize Finalist Exhibition, Hudgens Center, Duluth, GA
P.O.V., Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Building A Ship From The Shipwreck, MOCA GA, Atlanta, GA
Selling the Shadow, C-Gallery, Milan, Italy
Open Scene, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Relational Undercurrents, Museum of Latin American Art, Los Angeles, CA
Jamaica Jamaica, La Philharmonie de Paris, Paris, France
2016
Selling the Shadow, Gallery Momo, Cape Town, South Africa
Beautiful Tangle, Dalton Gallery, Agnes Scott College, Atlanta, GA
Atlanta Biennale, Atlanta Contemporary Art Center, Atlanta, GA
Musée On/Off, Musée L'ont Leux, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Wake the Town and Tell the People, Mana Contemporary, Newark NJ
Jamaican Routes, Punkt ø/Galleri F 15, Oslo, Norway
Masculinities, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
2015
Rites, Zuckerman Museum of Art, Kennesaw, GA
After-Afropolitan, The Weeksville Heritage Center, Brooklyn, NY
Young Talent, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
2014
The Jamaica Biannual, National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
In Retrospect: 40 years of the National Gallery of Jamaica National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
Bottom Feeders and the Distant Self Slusser Gallery, Ann Arbor, MI
2013
Forward Arts Foundation Artist of the year Retrospective, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2012
Outward Reach: 9 Jamaican Photography and New Media Artists, Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
Talent Loves Company, Barbara Archer Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2011
The African Continuum, United Nations Gallery, New York, NY
Emerging Artists of 2011, Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica
Home, Chastain Art Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Movers and Shakers, Museum of Contemporary Art Georgia, Atlanta, GA
2010
The Jamaica Biannual, National Museum of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica
Open Season, Flanders Gallery, Raleigh, NC
Art Fresh, Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica
2009
Three Visions, Three Thoughts Southwest Art Center Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Small Works Show, Swan Coach House Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Summer Guest House, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, GA
Small Redux, Agnes Scott College’s Dalton Gallery, Atlanta, GA
2008
Pepper Pot, UNC Chapel Hill, Robert and Sallie Brown Gallery,Chapel Hill, NC
2007
ArteFeria: Rutas y Raices, CEFATI Gallery, Portobelo, Panama
Icosahedrons, Maryland Institute College of Art, Baltimore, MD

Awards

2019
The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation
Art Matters
2018
Working Artist Program Award, Museum of Contemporary Art Georgia
NBAF 2018 Fashion and Fine Art: Visual Art Award Finalist
2018-2020 Open Sessions Award/Fellowship, Drawing Center, NYC
Avalon Humanities Professorship, Morehouse College, Atlanta GA
2017
Hudgens Prize Finalist
Arbes Award
2016
Artadia Award
Walthall Artist Fellowship
Southern Constellation Fellowship, Elsewhere Museum, NC
2015
The Joan Mitchell Foundation Emerging Artist Grant nominee
CUE Foundation Finalist, NY
Outstanding Student Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award, ISC, NJ
Ned Dybvig Memorial MFA Thesis Exhibition Award
Vermont Studio Residency Full Fellowship, VT
2014
Rackham International Travel Grant, University of Michigan
Smucker Wagstaff Grant, University of Michigan
2011
Finalist for the Jamaica Super-Plus under 40 Artist of the year, Kingston, Jamaica
2010
The Forward Arts Foundation Emerging Artist Award, Atlanta, GA

Press

2020
Gaugh, Catherine. "The migrant’s journey: Artist Cosmo Whyte forges a new identity in a new land." The San Diego Union-Tribune. September 19, 2020. (Link)
"20 Artists received Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation grants," Artsy. May 12, 2020. (Link)
Smith, T.K. "Cosmo Whyte: Mining the Body for Gold." Art Papers. January 15, 2020. (Link)
2019
Olsen, Katie. "Miami Art Week 2019: Opulent Art Work." Cool Hunting. December 10, 2019. (Link)
Smith, T.K. "Review: In MOCA GA show, Cosmo Whyte displays breadth, and hints at what’s next." Arts ATL. December 3, 2019. (Link)
Brown, Griselda Murray. "How African and diaspora artists are holding a mirror to society." Financial Times. November 2, 2019. (Link)
Tafoya, Harry. "Finding Both Comfort and Challenge in the Idea of 'Home'." Hyperallergic. July 2, 2019. (Link)
Haunt, Journal of Art Issue 005 November, University of California, Irvine
Get Up Stand Up, Exhibition Catalogue, The Summerset House, London, England
The Sea is History, Exhibition Catalogue, Museum of Cultural History, Oslo, Norway
2018
The Enigma of Arrival, Exhibition Catalogue, The Mason-Scharfenstein Museum
2017
Relational Undercurrents: Contemporary Art of the Caribbean Archipelago, Exhibition Catalogue, Museum of Latin American Art
I WAS HERE. BUT I DISAPEAR: Ivanhoe ‘Rhygin’ Martin and the Effect of Photographic Disappearance in Jamaica,” Art Journal
Afrotropes and Other Things That Run – A conversation with Heuy Copeland and Krista Thompson, OCTOBER, JSTOR
2016
Jamaican Routes, Exhibition Catalogue, Punkt ø/Galleri F 15, Norway
2015
Afrikadaa Politics of Sound (December)
Sculpture magazine (October)
Infinite Mile a journal of art and culture(s) in Detroit Rites, Exhibition Catalogue, Zuckerman Museum of Art, Kennesaw, GA
WASH, Free Oxyn Press, Ann Arbor, MI
2014
The Jamaica Biannual 2014, Exhibition Catalogue, National Gallery of Jamaica
2010
The Jamaica Biannual 2010, Exhibition Catalogue, National Gallery of Jamaica
2008
Pepper Pot, Exhibition Catalogue, UNC Chapel Hill

Teaching

2015 - Present
Visual Art Lecturer, Morehouse College, Atlanta, GA
2016
MFA Mentor Low-Residency School of the Art Institute of Chicago
2012-2015
Teacher Assistant, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
2010-2012
Artist Assistant to Sculptor Basil Watson, Atlanta GA
2009-2012
Art Teacher, Cook Elementary, Atlanta, GA
2007-2008
Art Teacher, Vivian T. Thomas Academy (High School), Baltimore, MD

Residencies

2020
Lux Art Institute, Encinitas, CA
Surf Point Foundation, York, ME
2018
Camargo Foundation, Cassis, France
Drawing Center Open Session, NY
2016
Elsewhere Museum, NC
2015
Vermont Studio Residency, VT
2007
Creative Currents Residency, Panama

Lectures & Presentations

2018
“The Enigma of Arrival” Piedmont College
Visiting Artist Program Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
“BLACK PORTRAITURE[S] IV: The Color of Silence- Color-Coded Practices: Caribbean Arts Professionals Perspective on Race” Harvard University
2017
“(En)Lightning Talks Atlanta” Phi Beta Kappa Society, Woodruff Center, Atlanta
“Guess Who is Coming to Dinner” University of Alabama, Alabama
2014
“Shonibare in Context”, Henry Brown Bag Festival, Philadelphia
“Conversation Without Walls: Considering Contemporary Artistic Practices and the Distribution of "New" Black Creativity-Dancespace Project, New York